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1207 Emery Highway
Macon
Georgia
31217
 
Tel: (478) 752-8257
Fax: (478) 752-8259


Description

ICE AGE TO SPACE AGE
Ocmulgee National Monument is a memorial to the relationship of people and natural resources in this corner of North America. We preserve a continuous record of human life in the Southeast from the earliest times to the present, there is evidence here of more than 12,000 years of human habitation. A diversity of natural and cultural resources combines to provide an abundance of reasons to visit.

THINGS TO DO

* Envision the past viewing exhibits and a 17-minute movie at the Museum.
* Stroll to the Earthlodge and Early Mississippian temple mounds.
* Immerse yourself in a wetlands environment by taking a walk on our new boardwalk.
* Walk back in time through the wilderness of the Ocmulgee River floodplain on the River Trail.
* Bicycle on a quiet park road
* Contemplate Georgia's "Fall Line" environment along Walnut Creek.
* See Ocmulgee after dark during Lantern Light Tours in March.
* Learn about Middle Georgia's history and environment during Earthday in April.
* Experience the very special Ocmulgee Indian Celebration on the third weekend in September.
* Take a spring or autumn Ranger-led field trip to the Lamar Mounds and Village
* Browse through the Ocmulgee National Monument Association's Museum Shop.

Ocmulgee National Monument is located along the Ocmulgee River in central Georgia at the "Fall Line," a unique strip of land stretching from South Caroline across Georgia into Alabama. Eons ago, ocean waves pounded the southeastern shoreline of the North American continent. The warm sea deposited sand, silt and marine clays along the beach. Gradually, the sea retreated and reveled a sandy plain. This former beach with its dunes, remained as a narrow band separating the Coastal Plain from the rolling, rocky hills of the Piedmont to the North. The environmental variations within this region afford diverse natural resources and habitat for a rich variety of plants and wildlife, including a number of endangered and threatened species. The park's 702 acres encompass upland fields and forests, with riverine woods and wetlands along Walnut Creek and the river. The Ocmulgee River Heritage Greenway provides an undeveloped corridor between Ocmulgee National Monument and Bond Swamp National Wildlife Refuge downriver. Our new board walk, which crosses 800 feet of emergent wetlands, allows a view into the heart of this exciting new ecosystem with a diverse selection of birds, plants, animals and reptiles.


Five miles of trails, including the Opelofa, Loop, Bartram, McDougal, and Mound Village Trails, connect the major features of the park. During the Early Mississippian Period (AD 900-1150), a thriving culture flourished here on the Macon Plateau. These true farmers planted crops in extensive fields and lived in large villages with intricate social relationships as suggested by their earthlodges and huge flat-topped mounds.
A 2-mile road allows easy access to several earthen mounds including the Great Temple Mound, the largest of the 7 mounds rising 50 feet from the base, and the Funeral Mound which was the burial place for the leaders of this complex society.

Ocmulgee National Monument and present-day Macon are located at the Fall Line, where two great environmental zones (Piedmont and Coastal Plain) overlap. Upstream from Macon, the Ocmulgee River flows between rolling hills, its channel marked by stretches of rocky shoals and rapids. Below Macon, the river changes character. Its waters move languidly through wide floodplains filled with wooded wetlands, swamps and oxbow lakes where Bald Eagles now thrive for the first time since the 1930's. Much of this area is now protected within Bond Swamp National Wildlife Refuge.

Ocmulgee National Monument's 702 acres encompass forested uplands, open fields, year-round wetlands, and thickly wooded river floodplain. A relatively undeveloped greenway extends along the river between Ocmulgee National Monument and Bond Swamp National Wildlife Refuge about five miles downstream. Because of its Fall Line location, numerous habitats, and connections to a larger ecosystem, Ocmulgee is home to a wide variety of plant and wildlife species, and is visited seasonally by many migrant birds, including endangered Woodstorks.

You can request our rack card and brochure by e-mail or by writing to us at:

Ocmulgee National Monument
1207 Emery Highway
Macon, GA 31217

OCMU_superintendent@nps.gov




Information and pictures "Courtesy of the National Park Service."